Calculating the sum of two integers (Numbers) in a shell script is pretty simple as other programming languages. Bash shell provides a command-line utility called `expr`

to evaluate expressions. The latest version of Bash shell also includes the functionality to evaluate expressions directly with the shell.

In this tutorial, we will discuss few methods to calculate the sum of the two numbers in a bash script.

## Bash – Adding Two Numbers

The `expr`

is the command-line utility used for evaluating mathematical expressions. Bash shell also supports to evaluate the mathematical expressions directly.

Use the following syntax to calculate the sum of two integers in a shell script:

- Using expr command with quotes
sum=`expr $num1 + $num2`

- Use expr command inclosed with brackets and start with dollar symbol.
sum=$(expr $num1 + $num2)

- This is
**my preferred way**to directly with the shell.sum=$(($num1 + $num2))

In the next few examples, we will discuss calculating the sum of numbers directly with a shell. You can also choose expr command to give the syntax above.

## Calculate Sum in Shell

Bash shell also evaluates the mathematical expressions directly. You just need to write the expressions enclosed in double brackets with a dollar like `$((...))`

.

Write an example shell script to initialize two numeric variables. Then perform an addition operation on both values and store results in the third variable.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 | #!/bin/bash # Calculate the sum of two integers with pre initialize values # in a shell script a=10 b=20 sum=$(( $a + $b )) echo "Sum is: $sum" |

Output:

Sum is: 30

## Calculate Sum with Command Line Arguments

In this second example, the shell script reads two numbers as command line parameters and performs the addition operation.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 | #!/bin/bash # Calculate the sum via command-line arguments # $1 and $2 refers to the first and second argument passed as command-line arguments sum=$(( $1 + $2 )) echo "Sum is: $sum" |

Let’s execute this script is a shell

`./sum.sh 12 14`

# Executing script Sum is: 26

## Calculate Sum with Run Time Input

Here is another example of a shell script, which takes input from the user at run time. Then calculate the sum of given numbers and store to a variable and show the results.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 | #!/bin/bash # Take input from user and calculate sum. read -p "Enter first number: " num1 read -p "Enter second number: " num2 sum=$(( $num1 + $num2 )) echo "Sum is: $sum" |

Output:

Enter first number: 12 Enter second number: 15 Sum is: 27

## Conclusion

In this tutorial, you have learned few methods to add two numbers in bash shell.