Linux, the open-source operating system, is favored by many for its flexibility, power, and robustness. It offers a vast array of tools that can handle a multitude of tasks, including working with compressed files. In this comprehensive guide, we will walk you through the process of extracting various file formats like Zip, Gz, Tar, Bz2, 7z, Xz, and Rar in Linux.
1. Extracting ZIP Files
ZIP is one of the most commonly used file formats for compression. To extract a ZIP file in Linux, you will need the unzip command. If it’s not already installed, you can install it using the package manager of your distribution. For example, on Ubuntu, you can install unzip with:
sudo apt-get install unzip
To extract a ZIP file, use the following command:
2. Extracting TAR Files
TAR (short for Tape Archive) is a widely used archive format in Linux. To extract TAR files, use the tar command followed by the options -xvf (x: extract, v: verbose, f: file):
tar -xvf filename.tar
3. Extracting GZ Files
GZ, or gzip, is a file format and a software application used for file compression and decompression. The gunzip command is used for extracting these files. Here is an example:
To exract a tar.gz file, type:
tar -xvzf filename.tar.gz
4. Extracting BZ2 Files
BZ2 is a high-quality data compressor used for compressing and decompressing files. To extract a BZ2 file, use the bunzip2 or bzip2 -d command:
To exract a tar.bz2 file, type:
tar -xvjf filename.tar.bz2
5. Extracting 7Z Files
7Z is a file format that provides a high compression ratio. It’s used with the 7-Zip software, but Linux users can extract it using the p7zip tool. If it’s not installed, install it with:
sudo apt-get install p7zip-full
Then, you can extract a 7Z file with:
7z x filename.7z
6. Extracting XZ Files
XZ is a high-quality compression algorithm and file format. To extract XZ files in Linux, use the unxz command or xz -d:
7. Extracting RAR Files
RAR is a proprietary archive file format that supports data compression, error recovery, and file spanning. To extract RAR files, you need to install the unrar package first:
sudo apt-get install unrar
Then, use the following command to extract a RAR file:
unrar x filename.rar
Working with compressed files is a common task in Linux. Understanding how to extract various file formats is an essential skill for any Linux user. This guide has provided you with detailed instructions on how to extract Zip, Gz, Tar, Bz2, 7z, Xz, and Rar files.
Remember, Linux commands can vary slightly depending on your specific distribution and its package manager, so always refer to the appropriate documentation or man pages (man command_name) for the most accurate information.
Master these commands, and you will find managing compressed files in Linux a breeze!
Thanks for the useful information about how to extract compression files such as zip ,rar, tar etc files. But there is another easier way which I use to convert my compression files such as 7zip to tar using a free online file converter website. There are various available such as Zamzar, convertio and freefileconvert.com
There are many others as well
I hope it works for you.
If you want to unzip a file then just go to the file and right click on it and after that, you will find an option unzip, so just click on it. If you want to know it then just browse the site which I give. I think it will very helpful for all.