.tar.gz is compression format commonly used in the Unix based operating system. The tar.gz file format is the combination of TAR packaging followed by the GNU zip (gzip) compression.
tar command is used to compress multiple files and create a single archive file. It creates highly compressed file to save more disk space. The same command is also used to extract, maintain, or modify tar archives via command line .
This tutorial will help you with the followings:
- How to extract .tar.gz file
- How to create a .tar.gz file
- And list .tar.gz file content without extracting
How to extract .tar.gz file
Use tar command with -x (extract), -z (gzip) and -f for the file name. The below example command will extract content of Backup.tar.gz file in the current directory.
tar -xzf Backup.tar.gz
This will silently extract .tar.gz file in current directory. Use
-v to enable verbose mode.
To extract content to other directory us option -C (capital C). This will change the extract location of files.
tar -xvzf Backup.tar.gz -C /opt
The above command will extract all files under /opt directory.
How to create .tar.gz file
-c command line option to create a tar archive. The -z option is used to compress with TAR + Gzip.
The following command will compress all files, directories and subdirectories under the /var/log directory.
tar -czf Backup.tar.gz /var/log
In case of absolution path, GNU tar also maintains the directory structure but skipped root (/) in file system. In the above case the archive contains structure as “var/log/” and all files under the log directory.
You can also specify multiple files names to add them in single archive.
tar -czf Backup.tar.gz *.log /backup/*.sql /opt/list.txt
The above command will archive all files with .log extension in current directory. All files with .sql in /backup directory and /opt/list.txt. As the absolute path is used, it will remove the / directory. You will see the message like “tar: Removing leading `/’ from member names”
How to list .tar.gz file content
-t option to list all files compressed under a .tar.gz file without extracting them. For example, execute on previously created compressed files:
tar -tvzf Backup.tar.gz-rw-r--r-- root/root 119783 2019-12-31 06:22:22 file1.txt -rw------- root/root 863287 2019-08-14 17:35:58 anaconda.log -rw------- root/root 0 2019-12-29 02:17:27 boot.log -rw-r--r-- root/root 0 2019-12-29 02:17:26 kdm.log -rw-r--r-- root/root 25643 2019-12-29 01:12:35 Xorg.0.log -rw-r--r-- root/root 11380 2019-11-24 17:35:39 yum.log
This tutorial explained you to how to create and extract .tar.gz file on Linux command line. It also helped you to view .tar.gz file content without extracting it.
For more details visit tar command man pages.