Golang is an open-source programming language developed the Google. It provides easy to build simple, reliable, and efficient software. This language is designed for writing servers, that’s why it is using widely these days. Go has released the latest version 1.16.
In this tutorial you will get instructions to install Go 1.16 on your Ubuntu 21.04, 20.10, 20.04 LTS Linux systems. Choose one the below methods for the installation of Go on your system.
Method 1 – Installing Go form Official Repository
The official repositories contains some older version of Golang packages. During th writing of this tutorial, Ubuntu 20.04 repositories contains Golan 1.13.8 version.
Open a terminal and execute the following commands to install this version of Go on a Ubuntu system.
sudo apt update
sudo apt install golang
Once the installation finished, use below command to check installed Go version on Ubuntu.
go versiongo version go1.13.8 linux/amd64
The application required latest version of Go programing language. Follow below method.
Method 2 – Install Latest Go with Source code
Login to your Ubuntu system using ssh and upgrade to apply latest security updates there.
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get -y upgrade
Now download the Go language binary archive file using following link. To find and download latest version available version go to official download page.
Now extract the downloaded archive and install it to the desired location on the system. For this tutorial, I am installing it under /usr/local directory. You can also put this under the home directory (for shared hosting) or other location.
sudo tar -xvf go1.16.4.linux-amd64.tar.gz
sudo mv go /usr/local
Now you need to setup Go language environment variables for your project. Commonly you need to set 3 environment variables as GOROOT, GOPATH and PATH.
- GOROOT is the location where Go package is installed on your system.
- GOPATH is the location of your work directory. For example my project directory is ~/Projects/Proj1 .
- Now set the PATH variable to access go binary system wide.
All the above environment will be set for your current session only. To make it permanent add above commands in ~/.profile file.
At this step, you have successfully installed and configured go language on your system. First, use the following command to check the Go version.
go versiongo version go1.16.4 linux/amd64
In this tutorial, you have learned two methods to install Golang on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Linux systems.