First released in January 2004, the open-source software Jenkins has grown to be one of the most popular continuous integration and continuous delivery tools available today. A perfect combination of automation and human input, Jenkins offers a number of features as well as plugins that make it a great option for anyone looking to implement CI/CD processes.
In this blog post, we will see how you can install the latest version of Jenkins on your Ubuntu system and explore its various functionalities.
Step 1 – Installing Java
Jenkins required Java to run on any operating system. The latest version of Jenkins is tested with Java 8 & 11 versions. To fulfill the requirements, you can install OpenJDK on your system.
To install OpenJDK Java on your Ubuntu system, type:
sudo apt update
sudo apt install default-jdk
Once the installation is finished, Type
java on terminal to verify it.
Step 2 – Installing Jenkins on Ubuntu
Jenkin’s official team provides the Debian packages for the installation on Ubuntu systems. You just need to configure the official PPA to your system and install Jenkins on Ubuntu systems.
Use the below steps to install Jenkins on Ubuntu:
- Import GPG Key – Use the following command to import GPG to your system.
wget -q -O - https://pkg.jenkins.io/debian/jenkins.io.key | sudo apt-key add -
- Add PPA – Next, configure the Jenkins PPA to your Ubuntu system using the following command:
sudo sh -c 'echo deb http://pkg.jenkins.io/debian-stable binary/ > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/jenkins.list'
- Install Jenkins – Update the apt-get cache before installing Jenkins on Ubuntu. After that, you can install Jenkins on an Ubuntu system by running the below commands.
sudo apt update
sudo apt install jenkins
Once the installation is completed, the Jenkins service will start automatically on port 8080. If the same port is occupied by any other service on your system, You can edit the /etc/default/jenkins file and change its port by setting the HTTP_PORT value.
- Check Service – Finally check the jenkins service status using the following command.
sudo systemctl status jenkins
● jenkins.service - LSB: Start Jenkins at boot time Loaded: loaded (/etc/init.d/jenkins; generated) Active: active (exited) since Sat 2021-01-09 23:02:34 IST; 3s ago Docs: man:systemd-sysv-generator(8) Process: 337540 ExecStart=/etc/init.d/jenkins start (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS) Jan 09 23:02:33 vm108 systemd: Starting LSB: Start Jenkins at boot time... Jan 09 23:02:33 vm108 jenkins: Correct java version found Jan 09 23:02:33 vm108 jenkins: * Starting Jenkins Automation Server jenkins Jan 09 23:02:33 vm108 su: (to jenkins) root on none Jan 09 23:02:33 vm108 su: pam_unix(su-l:session): session opened for user jenkins by (uid=0) Jan 09 23:02:33 vm108 su: pam_unix(su-l:session): session closed for user jenkins Jan 09 23:02:34 vm108 jenkins: ...done. Jan 09 23:02:34 vm108 systemd: Started LSB: Start Jenkins at boot time.
You have successfully installed Jenkins on Ubuntu 20.04 system. Next, initialize the Jenkins installation first and configure it.
Step 3 – Access Jenkins Web Interface
Access your server on port 8080 (Or updated port) in your favorite web browser. The default installation password can be found at /var/lib/jenkins/secrets/initialAdminPassword as showing in the below image.
Now select the appropriate option to install the plugin. You can choose to install suggested plugins or select the required plugins options.
Next, create an admin account for your Jenkins setup. Which is required to log in to Jenkins.
After the successful completion of the Jenkins setup wizard, You will be redirected to the Jenkins dashboard.
Step 4 – Installing Jenkins Plugin
Login to Jenkins dashboard and navigate to Manage Jenkins >> Manage Plugins >> Available Tab and select the plugins to install.
To update existing installed plugins in Jenkins Manage Jenkins >> Manage Plugins >> Update Tab
Step 5 – Add More Accounts
To create more accounts, login to the Jenkins admin panel and then navigate to Manage Jenkins >> Manage Users >> Create User . Enter the required details and click Create User.
This tutorial helps you to install Jenkins on your Ubuntu 20.04 Linux system. You can now configure your application with CI/CD architecture.