Wine (Wine Is Not an Emulator) is an open-source application that provides compatibility with running software developed for Microsoft Windows on Unix-like operating systems. With the help of Wine, you can run Windows software on a Linux system. The development team has recently released the latest Wine 8.0 version that is available for installation on Ubuntu systems.
This tutorial helps you to install Wine on Ubuntu 22.04 and Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Linux systems. The Winehq team provides PPA for installing Wine on Ubuntu systems. So we will use official wine PPA for the package installation.
You must have sudo privileged account access to the Ubuntu system.
Step 1: Configure Wine PPA
First of all, The systems running with the 64-bit architecture need to enable 32-bit architecture.
sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386
Then, download and add the repository key to your system.
wget -qO - https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/winehq.key | sudo apt-key add -
After that, use the following commands to enable the Wine apt repository in your system.
- On Ubuntu 22.04 (Jammy) LTS:
sudo apt-add-repository 'deb https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/ubuntu/ jammy main'
- On Ubuntu 20.04 (Focal) LTS:
sudo apt-add-repository 'deb https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/ubuntu/ focal main'
This will configure the Wine PPA on your Ubuntu system.
Step 2 – Installing Wine on Ubuntu
Your system is ready for Wine installation. Use the following commands to install Wine packages from the apt repository. The
--install-recommends option will install all the recommended packages by stable versions on your Ubuntu 20.04 system.
sudo apt update
sudo apt install --install-recommends winehq-stable
sudo apt install aptitude
sudo aptitude install winehq-stable
That’s it. This will install Wine on your Ubuntu 22.04 or 20.04 system along with all required packages.
Step 3 – Verify Installation
Wine installation has been completed successfully on your Ubuntu system. Use the following command to check the version of wine installed on your system.
Step 4 – Using Wine (Optional)
To use wine we need to login to the GUI desktop of your Ubuntu system. After that Download, a windows .exe file like PuTTY on your system and open it with Wine as below screenshot or use the following command.
You can also launch the application by right click on the file and selecting Open With Wine Windows Program Loader. If you don’t see this option, check this option under “Open With Other Application”.
During the first startup, Winehq configure user specific environment.
After that, It will prompt you to install some required dependencies. You can install or skip them based on your requirements.
Finally, the application will start with Wine.
Due to the initial configuration, Wine will take some time to start application at first. The subsequent application launch will be quicker than the first time.
This tutorial helped you to install and use Wine on Ubuntu 22.04 and 20.04 LTS Linux systems. Now, you can run Windows applications on your Ubuntu system.