When you run a production database, you need a reliable solution that has fast recovery times, won’t crash your applications, and meets the performance demands of your users. That doesn’t mean you have to spend a ton of cash either. Amazon provides services that make it easy to deploy new databases on their infrastructure without needing to know too much about how these things work.
This article will walk through the process of installing MySQL 5.7 on Amazon Linux 2.
Login to your Fedora system and open a terminal. Now upgrade the current packages to the latest version by running the following command.
sudo yum update -y
Step 1 – Install MySQL on Amazon Linux
The Amazon Linux default repositories contain MariaDB packages for the installation. To install the MySQL community release, first, configure MySQL yum repository on your machine.
sudo rpm -Uvh https://dev.mysql.com/get/mysql57-community-release-el7-11.noarch.rpm
rpm --import https://repo.mysql.com/RPM-GPG-KEY-mysql-2022
After that run the following command to install the MySQL 5.7 packages on your systems. This will also install all other required dependencies.
sudo yum install mysql-community-server
Dependencies Resolved ========================================================================================================== Package Arch Version Repository Size ========================================================================================================== Installing: mysql-community-libs x86_64 5.7.39-1.el7 mysql57-community 2.6 M replacing mariadb-libs.x86_64 1:5.5.68-1.amzn2 mysql-community-libs-compat x86_64 5.7.39-1.el7 mysql57-community 1.2 M replacing mariadb-libs.x86_64 1:5.5.68-1.amzn2 mysql-community-server x86_64 5.7.39-1.el7 mysql57-community 178 M Installing for dependencies: mysql-community-client x86_64 5.7.39-1.el7 mysql57-community 28 M mysql-community-common x86_64 5.7.39-1.el7 mysql57-community 311 k ncurses-compat-libs x86_64 6.0-8.20170212.amzn2.1.3 amzn2-core 308 k Transaction Summary ========================================================================================================== Install 3 Packages (+3 Dependent packages) Total download size: 210 M Is this ok [y/d/N]: y
Press ‘y’ when prompt for the confirmation to complete installation.
Once the MySQL installation is completed on your Amazon Linux system. You need to enable the MySQL service to start on system boot. Also, start the service using the following commands:
sudo systemctl enable mysqld
sudo systemctl start mysqld
Once you start the MySQL server for the first time, an auto-generated password is set for the root account. You can find this password in MySQL logs.
sudo grep 'temporary password' /var/log/mysqld.log2022-08-18T07:31:38.099501Z 1 [Note] A temporary password is generated for root@localhost: ?iY.1GmJba=J
Copy this password and use this for the post-installation setup wizard.
Step 2 – Post Installation Setup
The MySQL community server has been installed on your system. Now run the following command to apply security on the MySQL server. Simply execute the below command and follow the security wizard.
Enter the root password found in the above step, then set a new password for the MySQL root account. Next, follow the onscreen instructions and Press Y for all other operations to apply improved security.
- Enter password for user root: [Enter current root password]
- New password: [Enter a new root password]
- Re-enter new password: [Re-Enter the new root password]
- Estimated strength of the password: 100
Change the password for root ? ((Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) : n
- Remove anonymous users? (Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) : y
- Disallow root login remotely? (Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) : y
- Remove test database and access to it? (Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) : y
- Reload privilege tables now? (Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) : y
- All done!
Step 3 – Connect MySQL Terminal
All done. You can now connect to the MySQL server using the command line. The following command will connect MySQL running on localhost as the root user. This will prompt for the root account password.
mysql -u root -p Enter password: Welcome to the MySQL monitor. Commands end with ; or \g. Your MySQL connection id is 5 Server version: 5.7.39 MySQL Community Server (GPL) Copyright (c) 2000, 2022, Oracle and/or its affiliates. Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective owners. Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement. mysql>
In this tutorial, you have learned to install the MySQL community server on an Amazon Linux 2 system.