In this article, we will see how to install the PHP scripting language on our Ubuntu operating system. The PHP scripting language is one of the most popular options for creating dynamic websites, and it’s also used in a variety of other contexts. It’s an open-source programming language that stands for “PHP Hypertext Preprocessor.” We’ll explain what all of that means in a bit. If you need to use PHP on your computer or server running Ubuntu, keep reading to find out more about installing the software and understanding its role as part of the LAMP stack as well as other advantages of using it.
You must have sudo or root privileged account access on Ubuntu 20.04.
First of all, open a terminal and update the current packages with the following commands:
sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade
Installing PHP on Ubuntu 20.04
PHP installation on Ubuntu systems is pretty straightforward. You just need to add the required PPA and you can install any PHP version on the Ubuntu system.
Follow these steps to complete PHP installation on Ubuntu:
- Install a few dependencies required by this tutorial with the below-mentioned command:
sudo apt install software-properties-common ca-certificates lsb-release apt-transport-https
- Add the Ondrej PPA to your system, which contains all versions of PHP packages for the Ubuntu systems.
LC_ALL=C.UTF-8 add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/php
- Now, update the Apt package manager cache.
sudo apt update
- The SURY repository contains PHP 8.1, 8.0, 7.4, 7.3, 7.2. 7.1, 7.0 & PHP 5.6. As the latest stable version of PHP is 8.0, but a large number of websites still required PHP 7. You can install any of the required PHP versions on your system.
- Install PHP 8.1:
sudo apt install php8.1
- Install PHP 7.4:
sudo apt install php7.4
- Install PHP 7.2:
sudo apt install php7.2
- Install PHP 5.6 (EOL):
sudo apt install php5.6
Replace version 8.1, 7.4, 7.2, or 5.6 with the required PHP version to install on Ubuntu. Even you can install multiple PHP versions on a single Ubuntu system.
- Install PHP 8.1:
- Some applications required other PHP extensions, that can also be added using the below-mentioned syntax:
sudo apt install php7.4-[extension]
Replace [extension] with the extension you want to install, if you want to add multiple extensions then include them in braces, I am going to install “php-mbstring, php-mysql, php-xml, and php-curl” by running the below-mentioned command:
sudo apt install php7.4-mysql php7.4-mbstring php7.4-xml php7.4-curl
Users have installed different PHP version, need to replace
7.4with required PHP versions.
Check Active PHP Version
To view the current active PHP version run the following command:
Ouput:PHP 7.4.29 (cli) (built: Apr 21 2022 10:16:36) ( NTS ) Copyright (c) The PHP Group Zend Engine v3.4.0, Copyright (c) Zend Technologies with Zend OPcache v7.4.29, Copyright (c), by Zend Technologies
Change Default PHP Version for CLI
You can use the update-alternatives command to set the default PHP version. Use this tutorial to read more details about switching PHP version for CLI and Apache.
sudo update-alternatives --config php
There are 4 choices for the alternative php (providing /usr/bin/php). Selection Path Priority Status ------------------------------------------------------------ 0 /usr/bin/php8.1 81 auto mode 1 /usr/bin/php5.6 56 manual mode 2 /usr/bin/php7.2 72 manual mode * 3 /usr/bin/php7.4 74 manual mode 4 /usr/bin/php8.1 81 manual mode Press
to keep the current choice[*], or type selection number: 4
The above output shows all the installed PHP versions on your system. Selection number 4 set PHP 8.1 as the default PHP version for the command line.
If any PHP version is no more required, can be removed from the system. That will free the disk space as well as system security.
To uninstall any PHP version just type:
sudo apt remove php5.6
Also, uninstall all the modules for that version with the following command:
sudo apt remove php5.6-*
This tutorial helps you to install PHP 8.1, 8.0, 7.4, 7.3, 7.2, or PHP 5.6 on Ubuntu 20.04 Linux system. Additionally provides you instructions to change the default PHP version.
You can start building awesome web applications using the PHP programming language. You may also like to use a feature-loaded IDE like Visual Studio Code editor on your Ubuntu system.