RabbitMQ is the most popular open source message broker. RabbitMQ is a lightweight application available for most of the popular operating systems. RabbitMQ supports multiple messaging protocols. RabbitMQ can be easily deployed in a distributed and federated configurations to meet high-scale, high-availability requirements. This tutorial will help you to install RabbitMQ on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS and 14.04 LTS systems.
Step 1 – Install Erlang
First, use the following commands to add erlang apt repository on your system. You can simply download erlang repository package from its official website and install on your system.
$ wget https://packages.erlang-solutions.com/erlang-solutions_1.0_all.deb $ sudo dpkg -i erlang-solutions_1.0_all.deb
Now, you can install erlang package on your system using the following command. This will install all of its dependencies as well.
$ sudo apt-get update $ sudo apt-get install erlang erlang-nox
Step 2 – Install RabbitMQ Server
After installing requirements, now enable RabbitMQ apt repository on your system. Also you need to import rabbitmq signing key on your system. Use the following commands to do this.
$ echo 'deb http://www.rabbitmq.com/debian/ testing main' | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/rabbitmq.list $ wget -O- https://www.rabbitmq.com/rabbitmq-release-signing-key.asc | sudo apt-key add -
After that update apt cache and install RabbitMQ server on your system.
$ sudo apt-get update $ sudo apt-get install rabbitmq-server
Step 3 – Manage RabbitMQ Service
After completing above installations, enable the RabbitMQ service on your system. Also, start the RabbitMQ service. Use one the below methods sysvinit for older systems or systemctl for the latest operating system.
Using Init –
$ sudo update-rc.d rabbitmq-server defaults $ sudo service rabbitmq-server start $ sudo service rabbitmq-server stop
Uisng Systemctl –
$ sudo systemctl enable rabbitmq-server $ sudo systemctl start rabbitmq-server $ sudo systemctl stop rabbitmq-server
Step 4 – Create Admin User in RabbitMQ
By default rabbitmq creates a user named “guest” with password “guest”. You can also create your own administrator account on RabbitMQ server using following commands. Change password with your own password.
$ sudo rabbitmqctl add_user admin password $ sudo rabbitmqctl set_user_tags admin administrator $ sudo rabbitmqctl set_permissions -p / admin ".*" ".*" ".*"
Step 5 – Setup RabbitMQ Web Management Console
RabbitMQ also provides and web management console for managing the entire RabbitMQ. To enable web management console run following command on your system. The web management console helps you for managing RabbitMQ server.
$ sudo rabbitmq-plugins enable rabbitmq_management
RabbitMQ dashboard starts on port 15672. Access your server on the port to get dashboard. Use the username and password created in step 4
After login, you will get the RabbitMQ management web interface dashboard.