Elasticsearch is a powerful open-source search and analytics engine that allows you to store, search, and analyze large volumes of data quickly and in near real time. In this article, we provide a comprehensive guide on installing Elasticsearch on CentOS/RHEL 9, a popular Linux distribution known for its stability and robustness. By following these steps, you can enhance the search capabilities of your applications and maximize data insights.
Before beginning the installation, ensure you have:
- A server running CentOS/RHEL 9.
- Sudo privileges or access to the root user.
- A stable internet connection.
Step 1: Update Your System
Open your terminal and update your system to the latest packages using the command:
sudo dnf update
Step 2: Installing Java
Elasticsearch is built using Java, so you need to install Java on your CentOS/RHEL system.
Install the OpenJDK package by running:
sudo dnf install java-11-openjdk
Verify the installation:
Step 3: Add Elasticsearch Repository
Elasticsearch packages are signed with a GPG key to ensure their integrity. You need to import this key:
sudo rpm --import https://artifacts.elastic.co/GPG-KEY-elasticsearch
Create a new repository file:
sudo nano /etc/yum.repos.d/elasticsearch.repo
Add the following content to the file:
name=Elasticsearch repository for 8.x packages
sudo dnf install –enablerepo=elasticsearch elasticsearch
Step 4: Installing Elasticsearch
Install Elasticsearch using the dnf package manager:
sudo dnf install --enablerepo=elasticsearch elasticsearch
Once the installation is complete, start and enable Elasticsearch to run on boot:
sudo systemctl start elasticsearch
sudo systemctl enable elasticsearch
Step 5: Configure Elasticsearch (Optional)
You might want to configure Elasticsearch to suit your requirements. Edit the configuration file:
sudo nano /etc/elasticsearch/elasticsearch.yml
Here, you can set various parameters like cluster.name, node.name, and network settings.
Step 6: Test the Installation
To verify that Elasticsearch is running correctly, use the curl command to send an HTTP request:
curl -X GET "localhost:9200/"
You should see a response with the name, cluster name, Elasticsearch version, and more.
Step 7: Securing Elasticsearch
It’s essential to secure your Elasticsearch cluster. Some basic steps include:
- Setting up user authentication.
- Configuring HTTPS.
- Restricting access using firewalls.
- Refer to the official Elasticsearch documentation for advanced security configurations.
You have successfully installed Elasticsearch on your CentOS/RHEL 9 system. This setup provides a robust platform for developing powerful search and data analysis applications. Remember, maintaining and securing your Elasticsearch instance is crucial for effective and safe operations.
For more information and advanced configurations, refer to the Elasticsearch official documentation.