This tutorial will help you to list remote branches available on the remote git repository. It is helpful you to find names of branches, which have been created on the remote repository by someone and you want to check out this on your local repository.
Method 1: Fetch Remote Tracking Branches
Firstly run git fetch command to update your remote-tracking branches under refs/remotes/<remote_name>/.
Now use following command to list all branches on local and all remote repositories.
git branch -a //output * development master staging remotes/origin/development remotes/origin/master remotes/origin/staging
Method 2: Git List Remote Branches
You can also use ls-remote option to list remote repositories without updating your remote-tracking branches.
git ls-remote //output 5ffcb8136c48423f858e49c2df78fc7ac419fe39 HEAD 5ffcb8136c48423f858e49c2df78fc7ac419fe39 refs/heads/development 5ffcb8136c48423f858e49c2df78fc7ac419fe39 refs/heads/master 5ffcb8136c48423f858e49c2df78fc7ac419fe39 refs/heads/staging
If repository connected with multiple remotes, use the following command syntax.
git ls-remote --heads <remote_name>
You can find more details about git ls-remote from here.