In the world of web development, Symphony stands out as a robust, open-source PHP framework, known for its flexibility and efficiency. This article aims to guide you through the process of setting up a Symphony application on an Ubuntu system, making it an invaluable resource for both beginners and seasoned developers looking to leverage Symphony’s capabilities.
- A computer running Ubuntu (version 18.04 or later recommended)
- Basic knowledge of the command line interface
- Familiarity with PHP and web development concepts
Step 1: Installing PHP and Dependencies
Before diving into Symphony, ensure that your Ubuntu system is equipped with PHP and the necessary dependencies. Open your terminal and execute the following commands:
- Update the package manager:
sudo apt-get update
- Install PHP and its extensions:
sudo apt-get install php php-cli php-fpm php-json php-common php-mysql php-zip php-gd php-mbstring php-curl php-xml php-pear php-bcmath
Step 2: Installing Composer
Composer is a dependency manager for PHP, essential for managing Symphony’s components. Install Composer by using the following steps:
- Download the Composer installer:
php -r "copy('https://getcomposer.org/installer', 'composer-setup.php');"
- Run the installer:
- Move Composer to a global directory:
sudo mv composer.phar /usr/local/bin/composer
Step 3: Installing Symfony CLI
The Symfony CLI simplifies Symfony operations. Install it by:
- Download the Symfony CLI installer:
wget https://get.symfony.com/cli/installer -O - | bash
- Move the Symfony binary to a global directory:
sudo mv /root/.symfony/bin/symfony /usr/local/bin/symfony
Step 4: Creating a New Symfony Project
Now, use the Symfony CLI to create a new project:
- Generate a new Symfony project:
symfony new my_project_name --webapp
- Change to your project directory:
Step 5: Running the Web Server
Symfony CLI comes with a built-in web server. Start it by:
Access your new Symfony project at
Step 6: Configuring Your Symfony Application
Customize your application settings in the
.env file located at your project’s root. This includes database connections and environment-specific configurations.
Step 7: Database Configuration
If your application requires a database:
- Update the
.envfile with your database details.
- Create the database:
symfony console doctrine:database:create
- Generate the database schema:
symfony console doctrine:schema:create
Congratulations, you’ve successfully set up a Symfony application using Symfony CLI on Ubuntu. This streamlined process paves the way for robust web application development. For further exploration, turn to Symfony’s comprehensive documentation and its active community for continued learning and support.
Your journey into Symfony development on Ubuntu promises to be exciting and rewarding. Happy coding!