Virtualenv is a useful tool to create an isolated environment for your Python application. This environment has its own installation directories and environment to keep it separate from other Python application. This doesn’t share libraries with other environments. The Virtualenv is the easiest and recommended way to configure a custom Python environment. This tutorial will help you to how to create a virtual environment for your Python 2 application and use this.
You must have the following packages installed on your system.
- Python 2
Install Virtualenv with Python 2
You must have Python 2 and PIP installed on your system. Use pip2 to install virtualenv Python module
pip2 install virtualenv Collecting virtualenv Downloading https://files.pythonhosted.org/packages/f7/69/9a07/virtualenv-16.7.4-py2.py3-none-any.whl (3.3MB) 100% |████████████████████████████████| 3.3MB 448kB/s Installing collected packages: virtualenv Successfully installed virtualenv-16.7.4
Create Virtual Environment
The Python3 is installed at the standard location. Find the Python 2 binary file location using which command.
which python2 /usr/bin/python2
Now, Create a separate environment for your Application. You can change the environment directory name (isoEnv used in below example) as per your choice. You can also define the environment directory on a different location.
virtualenv -p /usr/bin/python2 isoEnv Running virtualenv with interpreter /usr/bin/python2 Already using interpreter /usr/bin/python2 Using base prefix '/usr' New python executable in /var/webapps/isoEnv/bin/python2 Also creating executable in /var/webapps/isoEnv/bin/python Installing setuptools, pip, wheel... done.
This command creates a local copy of your environment specific to this website. While working on this website, you should activate the local environment in order to make sure you’re working with the right versions of your tools and packages.
To activate the new virtual environment, run the following:
The name of the current virtual environment appears to the left of the prompt. For example:
(isoEnv) [email protected]$
To verify the correct Python version, run the following:
(isoEnv) [email protected]$python -V Python 2.7.12
Any package that you install using pip is now placed in the virtual environments project folder, isolated from the global Python installation.
Use pip2 to install a module:
(isoEnv) [email protected]$pip2 install <module>
You can use ‘nose’ if you’re going to work with openstack. For example:
(isoEnv) [email protected]$pip2 install nose Collecting nose Downloading https://files.pythonhosted.org/packages/15/d8/dd071918c040f50fa1cf80da16423af51ff8ce4a0f2399b7bf8de45ac3d9/nose-1.3.7-py3-none-any.whl (154kB) |████████████████████████████████| 163kB 18.6MB/s Installing collected packages: nose Successfully installed nose-1.3.7
Deactivate virtualenv Environment
After finishing your work inside the virtual environment, simply exit from this by typing deactivate command. You will get the users to default shell.
(isoEnv) [email protected]$deactivate
Delete virtualenv Environment
If your application no more required the virtual environment, You can delete this. To delete the environment simply delete the environment directory.
rm -rf isoEnv