whoami is an basic Unix/Linux command used to find username associated with current effective user id. This is generally used to identify the current logged in user in a shell. This command is also useful in shell scripts to identify the user id from which the script is running.
whoami Command in Linux
Simply type the ‘whoami’ on command prompt to find logged in user in current shell.
The above output shows that you are logged in with user ‘root’ in current shell. The same details can be find with
id -un command in Linux.
Let’s write a small bash shell script and check if script is running as root user or not. This is very useful to warn user that the script is running as root user.
if [ `whoami` == 'root' ]; then
echo "Warning! You are running this script as root user"
Difference Between whoami and who am i Command
Both the commands
who am i are used to get logged in username in Linux system. The username is defined in passwd file associate with effective user id.
When a user login as root on the network, then both
who am i commands will return root.
who am i
Output:> root pts/14 2020-12-21 23:13 (18.104.22.168)
But, when you logged in as another user (eg: rahul) and switched to root user (su – root). The whoami will show root but who am i will show the originally logged in user ‘rahul’.
who am i
Output:> rahul pts/14 2020-12-21 23:16 (22.214.171.124)
In this tutorial, you have learn about Linux whoami command as well as difference with “who am i” command.