Laravel is an open source PHP framework designed for the faster development of MVC web applications in PHP. This article will help you to install Laravel 5 PHP Framework on CentOS, Red Hat and Fedora System.
Step 1 – Setup Yum Repositories
First of all, you need to add REMI and EPEL rpm repositories in your system. these repositories have updated packages. Use one of the below commands as per your OS version and system architecture.
### On CentOS/RHEL - 7 ### rpm -Uvh http://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/7/x86_64/Packages/e/epel-release-7-11.noarch.rpm rpm -Uvh http://rpms.famillecollet.com/enterprise/remi-release-7.rpm ### On CentOS/RHEL - 6 ### rpm -Uvh http://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/6/x86_64/epel-release-6-8.noarch.rpm rpm -Uvh http://rpms.famillecollet.com/enterprise/remi-release-6.rpm
Step 2 – Install Apache, MySQL and PHP
To start with Laravel, we first need to set up a running LAMP server. If you have already running LAMP stack skip this step else use followings commands to setup lamp stack.
yum --enablerepo=remi,epel install httpd
yum --enablerepo=remi,epel install mysql-server service mysqld start /usr/bin/mysql_secure_installation
yum --enablerepo=remi,epel install php php-mysql php-mcrypt php-xml service httpd restart
Step 3 – Install Composer
Composer is required for installing Laravel dependencies. So use below commands to download and use as a command in our system.
curl -sS https://getcomposer.org/installer | php mv composer.phar /usr/local/bin/composer chmod +x /usr/local/bin/composer
Step 4 – Install Laravel
To download latest version of Laravel, Use below command to clone master repo of laravel from github.
cd /var/www git clone https://github.com/laravel/laravel.git
Navigate to Laravel code directory and use composer to install all dependencies required for Laravel framework.
cd /var/www/laravel composer install
Dependencies installation will take some time. After than set proper permissions on files.
chown -R apache.apache /var/www/laravel chmod -R 755 /var/www/laravel
Step 5 – Set Encryption Key
Now set the 32 bit long random number encryption key, which used by the Illuminate encrypter service.
$ php artisan key:generate Application key [
Z4hfTHU7hFMwHauzOwv7rO9e0MJ9UnhQ] set successfully.
Now edit config/app.php configuration file and update above generated application key as followings. Also, make sure cipher is set properly.
'key' => env('APP_KEY', '
Z4hfTHU7hFMwHauzOwv7rO9e0MJ9UnhQ'), 'cipher' => ' AES-256-CBC',
Step 6 – Create Apache Virtual Host
Now add a Virtual Host in your Apache configuration file to access Laravel framework from web browser. To do it edit Apache configuration file /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf and add below code at end of file
# vim /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf
<VirtualHost *:80> ServerName laravel.example.com DocumentRoot /var/www/laravel/public <Directory /var/www/laravel> AllowOverride All </Directory> </VirtualHost>
Restart Apache service and access Laravel framework using your favorite web browser and start developing a great web application.
service httpd restart
Now access the Laravel website in a web browser.