XRDP is a client-server application that uses the Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) as its transport protocol.
The server is implemented as a Linux daemon running on top of a DisplayLink device. The communication between the server and the client is encrypted using TLS.
XRDP is an easy-to-install and configurable service for Ubuntu systems. But you can also use a VNC server to access the remote desktop of the Ubuntu systems. Find a tutorial to install a VNC server on Ubuntu systems.
In this article, we will show you how to install and configure XRDP on Ubuntu 22.04. We will also walk you through a few common configuration tasks.
You need an X server (Desktop Environment) that is installed on your server and running. You also need to install the xrdp (X Remote Desktop Protocol) client software on your client computer.
Step 1 – Installing XRDP on Ubuntu
The installation of XRDP on Ubuntu 22.04 is straightforward. The package is available in the official repositories, so we can simply install it with the apt package manager.
sudo apt update
sudo apt install xrdp -y
Once the installation is successfully finished, the XRDP service will be started automatically. You can check the status by executing the following command:
sudo systemctl status xrdp
The above output shows the Xrdp service is up and running.
Step 2 – Configuring XRDP
The installer will create a new account named “xrdp”. The xrdp session uses a certificate key file “/etc/ssl/private/ssl-cert-snakeoil.key”, which plays an important role with remote desktops.
In order to work it properly, add the xrdp user to the “ssl-cert” group with the following command.
sudo usermod -a -G ssl-cert xrdp
Restart the Xrdp service by running the command given below:
sudo systemctl restart xrdp
Step 3 – Configure System Firewall
The XRDP service listens on standard remote desktop port 3389. You need to adjust the firewall to allow access to port 3389 for the remote systems.
Systems running with a UFW firewall, use the following command to open port 3389 for the LAN network.
sudo ufw allow from 192.168.1.0/24 to any port 3389
Reload the UFW to apply the new rules.
sudo ufw reload
All right, Your system is ready to access over RDP protocol.
Step 4 – Connect to Remote Desktop
The Xrdp service is successfully installed and ready to connect. On your Windows client, open the RDP client and enter the IP address of the Ubuntu system.
On the Windows system launch the RDP client:
Once connected successfully, the remote system prompt for authentication. Enter the login credentials of the remote Ubuntu system to get remote desktop access.
On successful authentication, you’ll get access to Ubuntu remote desktop.
Now, you can manage your remote Ubuntu system graphically.
This article shows you how to install and configure a lightweight and secure remote desktop client and access program on a variety of Linux distributions. You can use XRDP as a replacement for PPP (Point-to-Point), SSH, and VNC remote desktop clients. As with most Linux applications, XRDP is available via the official package management system of your distribution. With a few tweaks, you can have XRDP up and running in less than 15 minutes.