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Docker Java Example

Run Java Application with Docker

Docker provides official images to run Java program on command line. You can run Java programs without installing Java on your system. This will be helpful to you choose any version of Java during program execution. This tutorial will help you to run a sample java program using Docker containers.

Run Java Program with Docker

The below steps will help you to create a sample Java program. then create a Dockerfile to run a Java program under the docker container. After that build a custom docker image and run it.

  1. Create Java Program – First, create a sample Java program to run under the Docker container. Change to directory where you need to create program files, then edit file in a editor:
    cd ~/tutorial/
    nano Hello.java
    

    Add the following content:

  2. Create Dockerfile – Next create a file named Dockerfile under the same directory of Java program file. Edit Dockerfile in your favorite text editor:
    nano Dockerfile
    

    Add below content:

    FROM openjdk:11
    COPY . /usr/src/myapp
    WORKDIR /usr/src/myapp
    RUN javac Hello.java
    CMD ["java", "Hello"]
    

    Here we use OpenJDK 11 docker image to run our application. You can choose any Java version required for your application. You can search docker images for Java version on dockerhub.

  3. Build Docker Image – You have a Dockerfile and a Java program file in your current directory. Next, we need to create a docker image using these files. Execute below command to build and crate Docker image.
    docker build -t img-java-example .
    

    docker build java example

    You can see the newly created image by running docker images command.

  4. Run Container – Finally, to run your Docker container using the newly created image, type:
    docker run -it --rm img-java-example
    

    You will see the results like below:

    docker run java example

    The --rm option will remove container immediately after completing execution.

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